Dr. Muthus Ortho Hospital


Osteoarthritis treatment in Coimbatore

Osteoarthritis (OA), often referred to as the “wear and tear” arthritis, is the most common form of arthritis worldwide. It is a degenerative joint disease that primarily affects the elderly, but it can also occur as a result of joint injuries or excessive stress on the joints. As a chronic and progressive condition, OA poses a significant burden on individuals and healthcare systems. Understanding the intricacies of osteoarthritis is essential to effectively manage and mitigate its impact on millions of people around the world.

The Basics of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is characterized by the gradual breakdown of cartilage, the tough and flexible tissue that cushions the ends of bones at the joints. This cartilage provides a smooth, gliding surface for joint movement. In OA, this cartilage deteriorates over time, leading to pain, stiffness, and a decreased range of motion. As the disease progresses, the underlying bone can undergo changes, such as the development of bone spurs, which further exacerbates discomfort and functional limitations.

While Osteoarthritis can affect any joint in the body, it most commonly affects the hips, knees, hands, and the spine. It is often asymmetric, meaning that it can manifest differently in each affected joint. For instance, Osteoarthritis in the knee may result in pain and swelling, whereas in the hand, it can cause the formation of bony nodules and stiffness.

The Causes and Risk Factors

The exact cause of osteoarthritis is not fully understood, but it is believed to result from a combination of genetic, environmental, and mechanical factors. Some of the key risk factors for developing OA include:


The risk of Osteoarthritis increases with age, making it more common among the elderly.


Osteoarthritis is more prevalent in women, especially after menopause.


Excess body weight places additional stress on weight-bearing joints like the knees and hips, increasing the likelihood of Osteoarthritis.

Joint injuries

Previous joint injuries, such as fractures or ligament tears, can lead to OA in the affected joint.

Occupational hazards

Jobs that involve repetitive joint movements, heavy lifting, or excessive joint loading can contribute to the development of OA.


Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to developing OA.

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Symptoms and Diagnosis

The hallmark symptoms of osteoarthritis include pain, stiffness, and reduced joint function. Pain is usually worse after periods of inactivity, such as waking up in the morning or sitting for an extended period. As the joint movement progresses, pain can often subside. The stiffness in the affected joint can make it difficult to move it through its full range of motion.

A diagnosis of Osteoarthritis at Dr.Muthus Hospitals, Coimbatore is typically begins with a physical examination by a expert. Imaging studies, such as X-rays or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), may be used to assess the joint’s condition. These images can reveal the extent of cartilage loss, the presence of bone spurs, and other joint changes that are indicative of osteoarthritis.

Treatment and Management

There is no cure for osteoarthritis, but various treatments and management strategies can help alleviate symptoms and improve the quality of life for individuals living with the condition. These may include:

Lifestyle modifications

Weight management through diet and exercise can reduce the strain on weight-bearing joints. Physical activity, when done appropriately, can also help maintain joint flexibility and muscle strength.


Over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs can provide relief from OA-related pain and inflammation. In some cases, prescription medications may be necessary.

Physical therapy

Physical therapists can provide exercises and techniques to strengthen muscles around the affected joint and improve joint stability and function.

Assistive devices

Using canes, braces, or orthotics can help support and stabilize affected joints, reducing pain and improving mobility.


Injections of corticosteroids or hyaluronic acid can provide temporary relief from OA symptoms by reducing inflammation and improving joint lubrication.

Surgical interventions

In severe cases where other treatments are ineffective, surgical options such as joint arthroscopy, realignment procedures, or joint replacement surgery may be considered.

Living with Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition that can impact an individual’s daily life, including their ability to work, participate in recreational activities, and even carry out simple tasks. It often necessitates a comprehensive approach to treatment, involving a combination of medical, lifestyle, and rehabilitative interventions.

One of the essential aspects of managing OA is maintaining a proactive dialogue with healthcare providers. Regular check-ups and open communication about symptoms and treatment options are crucial for effectively managing the condition. Additionally, incorporating self-care strategies, like exercise and a balanced diet, can contribute to the overall well-being of those living with OA.

It  is a widespread condition that affects millions of people globally. While there is no cure, individuals with OA can lead fulfilling lives with the right combination of medical and lifestyle interventions. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for osteoarthritis is crucial in improving the quality of life for those who bear its burden and in reducing its societal impact.

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