Dr. Muthus Ortho Hospital


Sports Injuries and Arthroscopic Surgery

Sports injuries are the injuries most frequently encountered during sports and exercises. They can arise due to accidents, inadequate training methods, improper use of protective equipment, lack of conditioning, and insufficient warm-up and stretching. Such injuries can be categorized as acute (sprains, fractures, tears) or chronic (tendinitis, overuse injury) in nature.

Sports Injury Management

When injured during sports events, avoid continuing the activity in pain, as it may worsen the harm. Some injuries may necessitate immediate medical attention, while others can be self-treated.

Medical Treatment Should be Sought if:


Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure that involves inserting an arthroscope into a joint. The term “arthroscopy” originates from two Greek words: “arthro-” meaning joint and “-scope” meaning to examine. Arthroscopy is performed in a hospital operating room under general anesthesia.

The arthroscope is a small fiber-optic viewing instrument comprising a tiny lens, light source, and video camera. Although the surgical instruments used in arthroscopic surgery are very small (only 3 or 4 mm in diameter), they appear larger when viewed through an arthroscope.

The arthroscope’s attached television camera displays the joint’s image on a TV screen, enabling the surgeon to examine various aspects, such as knee cartilage, ligaments, and the area beneath the kneecap. The surgeon can assess the extent and type of injury, and subsequently proceed with the necessary repairs. Typically, this procedure is conducted with the patient under spinal or general anesthesia.

Arthroscopic surgeries for sports injuries are often performed in conjunction with other methods or open surgeries. The primary use of arthroscopy is to treat tendon tears in the knee. Additionally, it addresses conditions like torn ligaments and cartilage, carpal tunnel syndrome, inflamed joint lining, rotator cuff tears, and cartilage and bone wear.

Following the surgery, the incision is sutured and neatly dressed. In most cases, patients require minimal pain medication compared to what is necessary for recovery from open surgery.

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Benefits of Arthroscopy

Injuries Addressed by Arthroscopy

ACL mending

Tears in the meniscus

Tears in ligaments

Damage to cartilage

Floating particles in the knee

Tears in the labrum including SLAP and Bankart tears

Damage to cartilage

Tears in the rotator cuff

Bursitis and impingement

Separation of the AC joint

Arthritis in the AC joint

Floating particles in the shoulder

Minor fractures in the shoulder joint

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